All You Need to Know about Schedule 1 and 2 Drugs

DrugsThe war against abuse of drugs in the U.S has been persistent since the enactment of the Controlled Substances Act as a section of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. All the legislation have become the major cornerstone of the fight against drugs menace with the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) having the legal responsibility of ensuring that the law is complied with such as driving laws for example when it comes to needing to hire a Glendale auto accident attorney after a driver is caught under the influence of drugs while driving. The DEA has classified various drugs in what they call schedules. There are five primary schedules depending on a number of factors, including the potential for abuse, potential to cause addiction, safety, and whether the drug has a legitimate medical application in the field of health.

Schedule 1 (I) Drugs

Substances, chemicals and drugs that fall under schedule 1, are those which are considered to have no medical application and have a potential for abuse. Generally, they are considered the most dangerous among all the drugs. In addition, they have a high potential for abuse and come with severe effects.

Here are some of schedule 1 drugs as classified by the DEA

• Heroin
• Marijuana (Cannabis)
• Lysergic acid Diethylamide (LSD)
• Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)
• Peyote
• Methaqualone

The other class that is closely monitored by the state Drug enforcement agency is schedule 2 drugs and substances. These drugs have a high potential for abuse though less compared to schedule 1 drugs. There continued use can cause serious psychological and physical dependence. Besides, schedule 2 drugs are highly dangerous.

Examples of schedule 2 drugs include the following:

• Methamphetamine
• Cocaine
• Methadone
• Hydromprphone (Dilaudid)
• Fentanyl
• Adderall
• Oxycodone (OxyContin)
• Meperidine (Demerol)
• Dexedrine
• Ritalin

The Controlled Substances Act largely regulates the use and administration of drugs undertakes a rigorous exercise of classifying drugs based on the existing evidence and the medical value. A schedule sets the foundation upon which the federal government regulates the controlled drugs. In the US, schedule 1 and 2 drugs are the most regulated with the strictest rules having been enacted to help curb their use and abuse. Effectively, schedule 1 drugs are illegal for any use outside of research work. On the other hand, schedule 2 dugs can be used for limited purposes but with the permission of the Drugs Enforcement Agency. For example, a drug can be licensed for limited purpose such as prescriptions.

The DEA is responsible for setting strict limits on the amount of schedule 1 and 2 drugs that can be manufactured at any given time. In fact, specific companies are allowed to produce such drugs or grow drugs such as marijuana. For example, a farm managed by the University of Mississippi is the only allowed to grow Cannabis and the purpose is limited to production of Marijuana for research. No prescriptions may be prepared for Schedule 1 drugs and their associated substances. They are also not common in hospitals for clinical use. Even though some states have legalized marijuana for recreational and personal use, it still remains a schedule 1 drug.

The question many people ask is whether some drugs can be rescheduled. It is not easy to unscheduled drugs from one class to another. This is because the classification is global and countries are bound by the international treaties that require certain drugs to remain under the classification as schedule 1 or 2. While scientific research and evidence may be used to prove that a certain drug has no potential for abuse, it is nearly impossible to unschedule it or change is classification.

Understanding Schedule One Drugs

Heroin Drug classes are sets of drugs that have certain things in common. These typically consist of similar chemical structures, mechanism of action, and related mode of action. There’s a type of hierarchy formed here.

One such classification is what’s known as schedule one drugs, also known as class one drugs. These are illegal drugs that are quite popularly abused. These don’t have a medical use, but they do come with severe safety concerns.

Examples of These Drugs

Some common examples of class one drugs include:

  • Heroin (diacetylmorphine)
  • LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • Cocaine
  • Mescaline (Peyote)
  • MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or “ecstasy”)
  • GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyric acid)
  • Ecstasy (MDMA or 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine)
  • Psilocybin
  • Methaqualone (Quaalude)
  • Khat (Cathinone)
  • Bath Salts (3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone or MDPV)

Marijuana (cannabis, THC) is also included in this category of drugs even though it’s now legal in some states and used as a medicinal drug in other states. Protestors are trying to remove marijuana from this drug classification so pharmacies can sell it. This is important because pharmacies aren’t allowed to sell class one drugs. Of course, until they legalized marijuana doctors didn’t prescribe any of these drugs anyway.

What These Drugs Have in Common

According to the United States Drug Enforcement Agency all the drugs in this class have the following things in common:

They all have a very high potential for abuse

They’re not accepted for treating any types of medical conditions in the United States so doctors can’t write prescriptions for them

There aren’t any safe, accepted uses for these drugs

They’re not readily available for clinical use

Their Signs and Symptoms

Sometimes you may find yourself wondering how you’d know if someone you love is an addict. Fortunately, there are some common signs you can look for. These typically include sudden changes in mood and behavior, withdrawal from those around you, poor personal grooming habits, loss of interest in life, and changes in sleep patterns.

Knowing and looking for these signs is important. Watch for these things because when left unchecked these drugs can lead to some serious complications. Symptoms of unchecked, class one drug abuse include hiking, sweating, nausea, vomiting, and seizures.

Penalties for Schedule One Drugs

The schedule a drug belongs to actually determines what the penalty for drug crimes are. For instance, if you’re trafficking under 50 kilograms of marijuana you’ll spend 5 years or less in jail and pay a fine of $250,000 or less. Remember, this is just an example. Authorities look at each case differently and so the outcomes vary depending upon the circumstances.