All You Need to Know about Schedule 1 and 2 Drugs

DrugsThe war against abuse of drugs in the U.S has been persistent since the enactment of the Controlled Substances Act as a section of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. All the legislation have become the major cornerstone of the fight against drugs menace with the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) having the legal responsibility of ensuring that the law is complied with such as driving laws for example when it comes to needing to hire a Glendale auto accident attorney after a driver is caught under the influence of drugs while driving. The DEA has classified various drugs in what they call schedules. There are five primary schedules depending on a number of factors, including the potential for abuse, potential to cause addiction, safety, and whether the drug has a legitimate medical application in the field of health.

Schedule 1 (I) Drugs

Substances, chemicals and drugs that fall under schedule 1, are those which are considered to have no medical application and have a potential for abuse. Generally, they are considered the most dangerous among all the drugs. In addition, they have a high potential for abuse and come with severe effects.

Here are some of schedule 1 drugs as classified by the DEA

• Heroin
• Marijuana (Cannabis)
• Lysergic acid Diethylamide (LSD)
• Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)
• Peyote
• Methaqualone

The other class that is closely monitored by the state Drug enforcement agency is schedule 2 drugs and substances. These drugs have a high potential for abuse though less compared to schedule 1 drugs. There continued use can cause serious psychological and physical dependence. Besides, schedule 2 drugs are highly dangerous.

Examples of schedule 2 drugs include the following:

• Methamphetamine
• Cocaine
• Methadone
• Hydromprphone (Dilaudid)
• Fentanyl
• Adderall
• Oxycodone (OxyContin)
• Meperidine (Demerol)
• Dexedrine
• Ritalin

The Controlled Substances Act largely regulates the use and administration of drugs undertakes a rigorous exercise of classifying drugs based on the existing evidence and the medical value. A schedule sets the foundation upon which the federal government regulates the controlled drugs. In the US, schedule 1 and 2 drugs are the most regulated with the strictest rules having been enacted to help curb their use and abuse. Effectively, schedule 1 drugs are illegal for any use outside of research work. On the other hand, schedule 2 dugs can be used for limited purposes but with the permission of the Drugs Enforcement Agency. For example, a drug can be licensed for limited purpose such as prescriptions.

The DEA is responsible for setting strict limits on the amount of schedule 1 and 2 drugs that can be manufactured at any given time. In fact, specific companies are allowed to produce such drugs or grow drugs such as marijuana. For example, a farm managed by the University of Mississippi is the only allowed to grow Cannabis and the purpose is limited to production of Marijuana for research. No prescriptions may be prepared for Schedule 1 drugs and their associated substances. They are also not common in hospitals for clinical use. Even though some states have legalized marijuana for recreational and personal use, it still remains a schedule 1 drug.

The question many people ask is whether some drugs can be rescheduled. It is not easy to unscheduled drugs from one class to another. This is because the classification is global and countries are bound by the international treaties that require certain drugs to remain under the classification as schedule 1 or 2. While scientific research and evidence may be used to prove that a certain drug has no potential for abuse, it is nearly impossible to unschedule it or change is classification.

Drug Classifications and Schedules

Drug classifications

Drug classifications are determined depending on the reason they are being classified. Some classes are more well-known than others. Chemical structures, chemical activity, mechanisms of action, mode of action, therapeutic class, physical dependence and psychological dependence are all divisions in which drugs are a separated into classes. The legal classifications are the most well-known of all the class divisions devised for drugs. They are based on their level of physical and psychological dependence.

All the other divisions into which drugs are classed, are used for pharmacological purposes. The chemical structure divides medications by which chemicals are used in their composition as well as which chemical activity they stimulate. The mechanism of action divides medications based on the activity that occurs at the biological target on the molecular level. Mode of action divides medications by how they work on the biological target on the cellular level. The therapeutic class divides medications by the therapeutic purpose. These divisions of classifications are perhaps more important than those devised for legal purposed, but not as commonly referred.

When the term drug classifications is uttered, those based for legal purposes is typically what is being referred. It is important to note that not only the legal community refers to these classes. Several medical professionals, especially those who deal with drug addiction, refer to these classes as well. This division is based on the potential level of physical and psychological dependence that a patient could develop taking the medications within the class. If a drug or medication does not carry the potential ability to create a physical and or psychological dependence it is not listed within this division. Drugs and medications in this division are further classified based on the physical and psychological effect of the medication or drug. The classes are referred to as schedules in this division.

Schedule V and Schedule IV are reserved for the medications and drugs with the least potential for physical and psychological dependency. Each schedules characteristics are based off of the previous schedule. For example, Schedule V drugs are determined by the level of dependency compared to those in Schedule IV. The lower the potential for dependency the lower the schedule the drug is listed.

Drugs and medications that present the biggest potential for addiction, dependency, and abuse are reserved for Schedule I, II, and III. Schedule III drugs are still commonly prescribed, but the prescriptions are monitored and the possession of these drug without a prescription is a crime. Schedule II drugs and medications are still prescribed for medical use. The prescriptions for these drugs, however, are highly regulated and restricted. This schedule of drugs has a very high potential for dependency, but the therapeutical value has been determined to outweigh this potential risk. With that being said, a patient who is prescribed these drugs or medications is monitored closely. Schedule I drugs have such a high level of dependency that no therapeutical value has been determined to outweigh the dependency risk. Therefore, these drugs are also illegal to administer for medical reasons.

Drug classes are tools that help laymen and professionals alike.

Understanding Schedule One Drugs

Heroin Drug classes are sets of drugs that have certain things in common. These typically consist of similar chemical structures, mechanism of action, and related mode of action. There’s a type of hierarchy formed here.

One such classification is what’s known as schedule one drugs, also known as class one drugs. These are illegal drugs that are quite popularly abused. These don’t have a medical use, but they do come with severe safety concerns.

Examples of These Drugs

Some common examples of class one drugs include:

  • Heroin (diacetylmorphine)
  • LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • Cocaine
  • Mescaline (Peyote)
  • MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or “ecstasy”)
  • GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyric acid)
  • Ecstasy (MDMA or 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine)
  • Psilocybin
  • Methaqualone (Quaalude)
  • Khat (Cathinone)
  • Bath Salts (3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone or MDPV)

Marijuana (cannabis, THC) is also included in this category of drugs even though it’s now legal in some states and used as a medicinal drug in other states. Protestors are trying to remove marijuana from this drug classification so pharmacies can sell it. This is important because pharmacies aren’t allowed to sell class one drugs. Of course, until they legalized marijuana doctors didn’t prescribe any of these drugs anyway.

What These Drugs Have in Common

According to the United States Drug Enforcement Agency all the drugs in this class have the following things in common:

They all have a very high potential for abuse

They’re not accepted for treating any types of medical conditions in the United States so doctors can’t write prescriptions for them

There aren’t any safe, accepted uses for these drugs

They’re not readily available for clinical use

Their Signs and Symptoms

Sometimes you may find yourself wondering how you’d know if someone you love is an addict. Fortunately, there are some common signs you can look for. These typically include sudden changes in mood and behavior, withdrawal from those around you, poor personal grooming habits, loss of interest in life, and changes in sleep patterns.

Knowing and looking for these signs is important. Watch for these things because when left unchecked these drugs can lead to some serious complications. Symptoms of unchecked, class one drug abuse include hiking, sweating, nausea, vomiting, and seizures.

Penalties for Schedule One Drugs

The schedule a drug belongs to actually determines what the penalty for drug crimes are. For instance, if you’re trafficking under 50 kilograms of marijuana you’ll spend 5 years or less in jail and pay a fine of $250,000 or less. Remember, this is just an example. Authorities look at each case differently and so the outcomes vary depending upon the circumstances.

Understanding Schedule two Drugs

CocaineDrugs are classified together based on what characteristics they share in common. Typically, these characteristics include similar chemical structures, mechanisms of action, and related modes of action.

One of these classifications in what forms a type of hierarchy here are schedule two drugs. These are drugs that are commonly abused and lead to either a severe physiological or psychological dependence. There isn’t any medical use, only lots of safety concerns, with these drugs.

Common Examples of These Drugs

Drugs belonging to this class that are quite commonly abused include:

  • Hydromorphone (Dilaudid®)
  • Methadone (Dolophine®)
  • Meperidine (Demerol®)
  • Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®)
  • Fentanyl (Sublimaze®, Duragesic®)
  • Cocaine
  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
  • Amphetamines
  • Opium
  • Morphine
  • Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse).
  • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)
  • Dextromethamphetamine (Desoxyn)
  • Hydromorphone
  • Secobarbital (Seconal)
  • Pethidine (USAN: Meperidine; Demerol)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)
  • Short-acting barbiturates, such as pentobarbital and Nembutal
  • Nabilone (Cesamet)
  • Tapentadol (Nucynta)

Unfortunately, physicians still prescribe some of these drugs as medications. Many of the patients who are prescribed these medications find themselves addicted to them later on. Some examples of this include:

Methadone is commonly prescribed to help those who are battling against drug addiction

Oxycodone is often prescribed to people who are suffering from severe, chronic pain

Ritalin (Methylphenidate) and Focalin (dexmethylphenidate) are used for treating attention deficit disorder (ADHD)

What These Drugs Have in Common

The United States Drug Enforcement Agency says that all the drugs in this class have certain things in common. This includes:

There’s a high potential for their abuse

Currently some of these drugs have acceptable medical use in the United States, but these uses are severely restricted and are only legal when prescribed by a doctor — doctors cannot give any refills for these prescriptions without seeing the patient first

Abusing these substances leads to severe physiological or psychological dependence

Signs and Symptoms of These Drugs

Since some of these drugs are legally prescribed, sometimes it’s difficult to know whether someone you love has a problem with addictin. There are some common signs people are abusing these drugs though. These signs typically include the inability to sleep, loss of appetite, sweating and shaking when they shouldn’t be, pupils that are larger or smaller than usual, unusual smelling breath, and hyperactivity.

It’s important for you to know what these signs of schedule two drugs abuse are so you watch for them. This is important because when they’re left unchecked, they can lead to some severe complications. These include heart or lung disease, cancer, mental illness, HIV/AIDS, and hepatitis.

Understanding substance abuse and the effects it poses to our society

A drug is any substance that when introduced into the body, has the result of altering normal body functions. In the long run, the effects end up being harmful. In recent years the practice has become widespread, and it has ended up affecting our society negatively. The young in our community lead when it comes to substance abuse. The practice is a dangerous trend that needs to be discouraged if they are to have a good future.

What are the prevailing trends when it comes substance abuse

Drug abuseThere are a variety of drugs that people indulge. Alcohol, marijuana, tobacco heroine and cocaine are some of the drugs that people have over the years abused. The main reason why people use such drugs is to get the feeling of highness. It may start off innocently but drugs are very addictive, and with continued use, one gets hooked and cannot survive without taking the substance.

Issues that motivate people to use drugs

Life is full of challenges, and for most people, the issues become too much to bear. In such situations, some people result to use of drugs to help them forget and cope with the harsh reality. They strive to get high to ignore the current challenges. The approach is a poor way of solving issues as once the effect of the drug dies out; an individual will have to deal with the problems they were trying to avoid.

What are the effects of drug abuse

It may seem like a harmless habit for beginners, but the use of drugs is dangerous. Drugs such as tobacco have various carcinogenic chemicals which expose your body to many ailments. Excessive use of drugs such as alcohol also exposes the body to diseases such as liver cirrhosis which is fatal.

The society suffers significantly from drug abuse. Individuals who overindulge are not productive and in most cases require the support of their families to meet their basic needs. Drug abuse is the among the leading causes of family quarrels and even breakups. Such situations leave children in very desperate situations.

What are the possible ways that we can remedy the situation

The effects of drug abuse in our society today are too many to ignore. For a user, the first step is acceptance.It is essential for them to so that they can seek help. As a society, we have the habit of victimising drug addicts and ignoring they are people who need help. For proper reforms to take place, we must make them feel accepted and support them through the rehabilitation process.

The government is at the forefront of discouraging drug abuse. Through the relevant authorities, rehabilitation centres are now available, and victims of drug addiction can receive counselling and guidance as they strive to stop the habit. Over the years, awareness has been made on the use of drugs and what challenges one is likely to face. Such measures have been very beneficial in the fight against the evil that is drug abuse in our society.